male factor infertility

Are you struggling to conceive a child? You are not alone. Infertility is a common problem that affects many couples. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes of infertility, the treatment options available, and ways to cope with infertility. We hope that this information will help you overcome this difficult challenge.

What is infertility?

If a couple of attempts fails to get pregnant within a year, they are said to be infertile. The amount of time trying to conceive decreases for an infertility diagnosis from one year when the woman is over 35 years old. Immediate evaluation is required in women over 40, as fertility does not imply miscarriage or being unable to deliver a baby.

Infertility causes

There are many causes of infertility. The most common cause is blocked fallopian tubes. Other causes of infertility include:

  • Endometriosis
  • PCOS
  • Low sperm count or poor sperm motility
  • Unexplained infertility

How common is infertility?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 12% of couples in the United States are unable to conceive a child after one year of trying.

What are the types of infertility?

There are two types of infertility: primary and secondary. Primary infertility is when a couple has been unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy after at least one year of trying; this occurs in about 15% of couples. Secondary infertility is defined as being unable to conceive again after having at least one child previously. It’s estimated that around 40% of couples experience secondary infertility.

What are risk factors for infertility?

There are many risk factors for infertility. Some of the most common ones include:

  • Age (women over 35 and men over 40 have lower rates of fertility)
  • Overweight or underweight women (adults with a BMI between 18.0-24.99 are considered to be at an ideal weight range for good health)
  • Smoking
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Use of certain medications (such as chemotherapy drugs)
  • Exposure to environmental toxins

Diagnosis and tests

intrauterine insemination

Infertility can be diagnosed by examining a woman’s uterus and fallopian tubes. The doctor may also take blood tests to check for any hormonal imbalances or infections that might cause problems with fertility. A semen analysis is performed on the man to determine if there are any issues with sperm count, motility (movement), or morphology (shape).

Tests for men

Male fertility requires the testicles to produce enough healthy sperm and that it is successfully ejaculated into the vagina and carried to the egg. Male infertility tests look for any of these stages being faulty.

A gynecological examination, which may include a genital check, is usually included. Specific fertility testing includes the following:

  • Semen analysis. Your doctor may request a semen sample or several of them. The two most common methods for collecting semen are masturbation and ejaculation into a clean container. Semen is examined in a lab. In certain cases, urine may be tested for the presence of sperm.
  • Hormone testing. You may have a blood test to check your testosterone and other male hormones levels.
  • Genetic testing is a method of determining whether infertility is caused by a genetic defect.
  • A testicular biopsy is an alternative approach to determining the cause of infertility. In certain situations, a testicle biopsy may be performed to identify abnormalities that are contributing to infertility or to retrieve sperm for assisted reproductive techniques like IVF.
  • A scan of the brain (MRI), transrectal or scrotal ultrasound or a test of the vas deferens (vasography) may be used in certain situations.
  • A DNA test, for example, is one of the other analyses. Other tests to evaluate the sperm’s quality are occasionally used, such as analyzing a semen sample for genetic abnormalities.
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Tests for women

The ovaries must continuously produce viable eggs in order to maintain fertility for women. The egg must travel from the reproductive canal into the fallopian tubes and combine with sperm for fertilization. The fertilized egg must then migrate to the uterus and embed itself in the uterine wall. Female infertility testing aims to identify any faults in these steps.

A general medical examination, including a gynecological examination, is available. The following fertility tests are performed:

  • The ovulation test is a procedure that involves taking a sample of your urine, which will be analyzed for hormone levels.
  • Hysterosalpingography (hy-tur-o-sal-ping-GOG-ruh-fee) is an X-ray technique that evaluates the health of your uterus and fallopian tubes for blockages or other concerns. An injection of contrast radiograph dye is given into your uterus, and an X on the film is taken to determine whether the cavity is normal and if fluid leaks from your fallopian tubes.
  • Ovarian reserve testing involves analyzing the number of eggs available for ovulation. This test may be used to determine how many eggs are available. Hormone testing is usually done early in a woman’s cycle.
  • A blood test will be conducted to check for ovarian hormones, as well as pituitary hormones that manage reproductive functions. Another hormone testing is also done. Ovarian hormones, as well as pituitary hormones that regulate reproductive processes, are examined in hormone tests.
  • Ultrasound imaging tests. A pelvic ultrasound checks for uterine or ovarian disease. Sonohysterogram, also known as saline infusion sonography, is a type of ultrasonic examination that can give clearer pictures of the uterus not visible with conventional ultrasonography.

Management and treatment

polycystic ovary syndrome

There are many different management and treatment options for infertility. The most common approach is to try fertility drugs to stimulate ovulation in the woman. If this doesn’t work, surgery may be recommended to correct any blockages in the fallopian tubes. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a common treatment option for couples with blocked tubes or other problems with fertility.

Treatment for men

Male treatments for sexual issues in general or low sperm quality might include:

  • Changes in lifestyle variables may affect fertility. Quitting smoking or drinking alcohol, improving your diet, cutting back on/eliminating hazardous chemicals from your life, increasing sexual activity frequency and timing, exercising on a regular basis, and optimizing other elements that might otherwise obstruct fertility are just a few examples.
  • Male pattern baldness is caused by a hormone (androgen) deficiency, inflammation of the hair follicles, or medications that decrease testosterone production and function. Certain medicines might improve sperm count and the chance of a successful pregnancy. By improving testicular function, these drugs may enhance testicular function and sperm production and quality.
  • Sperm cannot swim up the urethra against the force of gravity, so some blockage must be present. In rare cases, surgery may remove obstructions in the urinary tract, including sperm obstruction. In certain situations, varicocelectomy surgery may improve your chances of pregnancy.
  • Sperm retrieval is the process of extracting sperm from a male’s semen using medical equipment. When ejaculation is difficult or no sperm are present in the ejaculated fluid, noninvasive techniques like those described above are used to extract them. They may also be utilized in conjunction with assisted reproductive procedures and low sperm counts or abnormalities.
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Treatment for women

Women who are trying to conceive may only require a few treatments to improve their chances. Some women might need a range of different types of treatment in order to get pregnant.

  • Medical treatment to stimulate ovulation with fertility medicines. Ovulation disorders are one of the most prevalent causes of infertility in women. Ovulation drugs, also known as ovulation inductors or pro-ovulations, are a form of fertility therapy that is used to assist infertile couples to have children. These pills modulate or stimulate ovulation. Discuss this with your doctor when it comes to eggs.
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI). Following IUI, healthy sperm is put into the uterus around the time ovulation occurs. Depending on the source of infertility, IUI takes place at various times during your cycle or fertility therapies.
  • Restoration of fertility through surgery. Hysteroscopic surgery is used to treat endometrial polyps, a uterine septum, inside uterine scar tissue, and some fibroids. Endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, and larger fibroids might necessitate laparoscopic or abdominal surgery.

What are fertility treatment options for all genders?

Some couples may opt for fertility treatments that use donor sperm, eggs, or embryos. If a woman has experienced early menopause, egg donation is the only treatment option available to her. For men with low sperm counts, using donor sperm may be the only way to father a child.

Embryo transfer is a procedure in which one or more embryos are transferred from a dish containing several embryos (called an embryo culture) into the uterus of the woman who is undergoing treatment. The goal of this procedure is to improve implantation rates and increase the chances for success.

In vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF involves extracting an egg from a woman’s ovary and combining it with sperm in a laboratory dish. After fertilization, the embryo is transferred back into the woman’s uterus.

Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT). GIFT is similar to in vitro fertilization except that the egg and sperm are placed directly into a woman’s fallopian tube. This procedure is used when there is a blockage in the fallopian tubes or when infertility is caused by problems with the man’s sperm.

Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT). ZIFT is a variation of GIFT. In this procedure, an embryo that has been fertilized in a laboratory dish is transferred into a woman’s fallopian tube.

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART). ART procedures involve taking eggs and sperm outside of the body and placing them together in a dish to fertilize. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then re-inserted into the woman’s reproductive tract, or it may be frozen for future use. ART procedures include in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and embryo transfer.

How can I prevent infertility?

There are a few things you can do to help increase your chances of getting pregnant.

  • Some behaviors can damage or decrease the quality of sperm, eggs, or embryos. These include smoking, drinking alcohol, and using drugs.
  • It is also important to get regular checkups and maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese can lead to infertility in both men and women.
  • Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet are also important for maintaining a healthy weight and improving your chances of getting pregnant.
  • If you are trying to get pregnant, it is best to avoid contact with environmental toxins such as lead or mercury. These toxins can harm the developing embryo.
See also  Fertile medicine


There are a variety of fertility treatments available for couples who are struggling to conceive. It is important to talk with your doctor about the best treatment options for you. There are also a few things you can do to improve your chances of getting pregnant naturally. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is essential for both men and women when trying to conceive.

We are here to help you understand your options, and we have over 25 years of experience in the field of infertility. Our doctors have helped thousands of couples achieve their dream of parenthood by providing personalized treatment plans and cutting-edge technology in a compassionate environment. We would love to work with you on developing an individualized plan that will lead to a successful pregnancy.


What usually causes infertility?

The most common causes of infertility are problems with ovulation and tubal abnormalities. Infertility can also be caused by a variety of other factors such as endometriosis, male factor issues, or uterine fibroids.

What is the success rate for fertility treatments?

There are many different types of fertility treatments available today. Each has its own set of risks and benefits that need to be considered before deciding which treatment option is best for you. The best way to determine your chances of getting pregnant through any particular procedure is by speaking directly with your doctor about what options might work well in your situation based on age, medical history, lifestyle choices like smoking/drinking habits, etc., reproductive health status (e.g., whether you have any fertility problems), and other personal factors.

Can infertility be cured?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. In many cases, infertility can be treated with a combination of medical procedures and lifestyle changes. However, in some cases, it may not be possible to achieve a pregnancy even with treatment. Speak with your doctor about the best course of action for you if you are struggling to conceive.

What are the risks associated with fertility treatments?

Each type of fertility treatment comes with its own set of risks that need to be considered before deciding whether or not to pursue that particular option. Some common risks associated with fertility treatments include multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.), egg retrieval procedure complications (like infection or bleeding), and other side effects from medications used during treatment such as headaches/migraines. The most important thing is to talk openly with your doctor about any concerns you may have so that together you can make an informed decision on whether fertility treatments will benefit you more than they could potentially harm.

How do I know if I am infertile?

You can be diagnosed with infertility if you have been trying to get pregnant for at least one year without success. It is important to see a fertility specialist after this time period because some causes of infertility cannot wait and need treatment right away in order to achieve pregnancy. Your doctor will conduct tests like blood work or ultrasounds that help determine what might be causing you to have difficulty getting pregnant. Once the cause is identified, a treatment plan can be put in place.


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